Campania, Italy

Region profile

Campania is a region in southern Italy. The region has a population of around 5.8 million people, making it the second-most-populous region of Italy and the most densely populated region in the country. Located on the Italian Peninsula, with the Mediterranean Sea to the west, it includes the small Phlegraean Islands and Capri for administration as part of the region.

The history of the region goes back millions of years: a magic lift able to transport back in time in a past 100 millions of years old, when Matese was a tropical lagoon populated by fish and reptiles with surprising physical characteristics. Among them also a very small dinosaur: the Scypionix Samniticus, “Ciro” for friends. It is the first complete specimen of dinosaur founded in Italy.

Footprints of the human colonies in the regions go back to the prehistoric times: vestiges of civilization are documented in some Paleolithic caves of Salerno and the coast around the Cape Palinuro, in the island of Capri and the Liri Valley, where it is documented civilization going back to the earliest period of the Paleolithic. Lacking so far traces attributable to the agricultural civilization Archaic period (Neolithic), there are significant ones relevant to the civilization of metals (Copper Age, from c. 2000. C. onwards). Recall the Eneolithic burial outfits Guard Sanframondi and Toppo San Filippo at Colle Sannita in Benevento.

The most important findings are presented from the necropolis of Gavdos at Paestum where several tombs have come to light in the hallway or small room with access to the cockpit, which returned ceramics influence argarica and remotely Anatolian copper daggers, worked bone with engravings.

Campania was colonised by Ancient Greeks and was part of Magna Græcia. During the Roman era, the area maintained a Greco-Roman culture. Campania was a full-fledged part of the Roman Republic by the end of the 4th century BC, valued for its pastures and rich countryside. Its Greek language and customs made it a centre of Hellenistic civilization, creating the first traces of Greco-Roman culture. As part of the Roman Empire, Campania, with Latium, formed the most important region of the Augustan divisions of Italia; Campania was one of the main areas for granary.[13] Roman Emperors chose Campania as a holiday destination, among them Claudius and Tiberius, the latter of whom is infamously linked to the island of Capri.[10] It was also during this period that Christianity came to Campania. Two of the apostles, St. Peter and St. Paul, are said to have preached in the city of Naples, and there were also several martyrs during this time.[14] Unfortunately, the period of relative calm was violently interrupted by the epic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 which buried the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.[15] With the Decline of the Roman Empire, its last emperor, Romulus Augustus, was put in a manor house prison near Castel dell'Ovo, Naples, in 476, ushering in the beginning of the Dark Ages and a period of uncertainty in regard to the future of the area

During the centuries, Campania was chosen for the settlements of many foreign civilizations: From Angiovins to Aragons, from Spanish to French, until the Borbons, who settled the capital of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies in Naples. These latter reigned for two centuries, and impressed a large impact on the physical aspects of the region, with many infrastructures and industries organized especially around the city of Naples. After the conquer of the Kingdom by the King of Savoia, Vittorio Emanuele II, the Campania suffered a long period of civil war characterized by young males deportation in Northern Italy, closure of all the borbons industries and military occupation. The fascist era helped a lot the integration of the southern Italy and the rest of the country. The resilience of the Campania citizens, forged by years of exposure to different civilizations, make this region full of opportunities and with an unique cultural, hystorical, architectural heritage that, in conjuction with a marvelous landscape place it one of the best places to visit in the world.

Health and Social Care in the Region

The health care in Italy is public and is delegated by the central government to the Regional government, which has a budget deriving from central government allocation of funds, and from regional taxes. The regio9nal government is organized in 5 smaller areas, named Provincie, which coordinate the activities of the cities within the area.  Region delivers health care through means of local health agencies, also named ASL. In each Provincia there might be more than one ASL, and in Campania, in particular, they are organized as follows:

A.S.L. AVELLINO (Corrsponds to the Provincia of Avellino)

A.S.L. BENEVENTO (Corrsponds to the Provincia of Benevento)

A.S.L. CASERTA (Corrsponds to the Provincia of Caserta)

A.S.L. NAPOLI 1 CENTRO (One of the 3 ASL of the Provincia of Napoli)

A.S.L. NAPOLI 2 NORD (One of the 3 ASL of the Provincia of Napoli)

A.S.L. NAPOLI 3 SUD (One of the 3 ASL of the Provincia of Napoli)

A.S.L. SALERNO (Corresponds to the Provincia of Salerno)

Each ASL is in charge for everything that relates to public health. The activities are delivered through means of Departments, which control the services of hospitals, outpatient clinics, laboratories, counseling points, public pharmacies, veterinary care, etc.

Social care is also controlled by the government, which delegates Municipalities, with an allocation of funds integrated by taxes.

The School of Medicine of the University of Salerno operates health care through the Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona, a network of 5 hospitals that insists in 4 municipalities of the Provincia di Salerno. The School has an internal medicine program that is in charge for the development of models of care delivery for chronic conditions that include the use of ICT for integrated care.

Campania is a Reference Site for the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing.

BeyondSilos in Campania

In Campania, BeyondSilos is building upon an existing programme of care service delivery, the Integrated Home Care (ADI) offered by the Regional Health Care system in conjunction with the social care services provided by the municipalities.

The pilot involves two of the six Local Health Care Agencies (ASL) of the Campania Region. Within the framework of the ADI integrated care programme the range of social and healthcare services currently being provided is enhanced through the implementation of ICT. The introduction of an electronic integrated care record accessible by social and healthcare providers involved in the delivery of an integrated care package enables the sharing of service user information, fosters greater cooperation between care workers, improves the efficiency of service provision and enables increased quality of care for the users. Services are further enhanced by the deployment of a tele-monitoring system, increasing the safety of clients and allowing advanced care planning and provision by professionals.